Originally written (by me) for Linux-Tips.net ....... I decided to repost it here for reference.
Here are some basic Linux commands. Some are well known and some aren't. I am not a Linux
Wizard...far from it...but I am learning some basic linux commands and thought I would share some with other newbies so they to can get more familiar with the terminal command line.
These work on my Mandrake 8.1 system.
xkill Kills a running program exit Exits the terminal reboot Reboots the system halt Shutsdown the computer startx Starts xwindows from terminal man man(command)shows help files info info(command) shows help files help help (command)--help shows help files su Allow you to login as Super User ls "Lists" the contents of the directory pwd Displays "present working directory" cd cd (name) change directory TO:(name) mkdir mkdir (name) Makes new directory rmdir rmdir (name) Removes directory clear Clears the terminal window date Displays current date and time cal Displays a calander uptime Displays time since last reboot df Displays the disk usage on partitions du Displays disk usage of directory id Displays your identification to system groups Displays groups of current user ulimit -a Displays users limits uname Displays name of machine logged into who Displays "who" is logged on the system w Similar to "who" wall Sends message to all logged in users top Displays cpu processes memory etc ps Displays current running processes
RPM's Mandrake and RedHat
Check if installed already rpm -q
To Install the rpm rpm -ih
To Update a program using an rpm rpm -Uvh
Bored try this: apropos file List tons of file commands
Many of the commands listed above have
options that can be added to change the
output of that command. To see what they are
do a : man (command) and it will show you the
The command line is hard to learn to use at
first ..... really hard for us converted MS$
users :) but it is worth the effort.
To start a program "like Opera" type the name
at the command prompt:
[mandrakeguy@localhost mandrakeguy]$ opera
There are many file commands that I didn't
list due to the complexity of them. Read up
on them and you can harness the power of your
computer from the command line!
I have to go read now :)